World War II was complicated, countries were constantly being occupied, counter-attacking, or joining forces with Nazi Germany. Despite this, the organization of the ‘Final Solution’ still took priority.
- 1How did World War II provide a cover for the persecution and murder of Jews? Have we seen this before?
Explain to students that World War II involved two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. The main countries making up the Allies were France, Poland, and the United Kingdom. The Axis powers consisted of Germany, Italy, and Japan. Tell students that the video they will watch will help to explain the actions taken by these countries during the war.
Give out the questions below prior to starting the video (6.5 min) by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Answers to the questions can be found in the intervals shown above.
Beginning – 1:30
What groups of people were targeted by Nazis and their allies and collaborators? What was their reasoning?
1:30 – 4:40
Which country did Germany invade first? What did they do there?
End of video
How did the war end?
In small groups, or as a class, ask students if they are able to list the roles in which major countries played in the war? Write a header for ‘Allies’ (those that fought Germany), ‘Occupied Territories’, ‘Allied with Germany’, and ‘Neutral’. You may want to provide the list of the countries. You can tell them to focus on German aggression, not the attacks done by the Soviet Union. Give students 10 minutes for this activity. If you would like, you can return to the video and have students try to correct their answers.
The answer guide can be found here.
It is okay if students can’t remember all of them from the video (most will not be able to), the exercise is meant to show how much was going on at that time. It is important to remind students that the murders of 6 million Jews and 5 million non-Jews were taking place under the cover of war.
When you explain how the Holocaust was perpetrated under the cover of World War II, you should also mention that this is not the first instance of this happening. The genocide against the Armenians took place under the cover of World War I.
Ask students, why do they think atrocities, such as genocide, take place in conjunciton with war?
Wisconsin Academic Standards
This lessons meets the following Academic Standards required by the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction.